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  • Impact of nonpharmaceutical strategies on trends of COVID-19 in São Paulo State Brief Communications

    Fortaleza, Cristiane Ravagnani; Vilches, Thomas Nogueira; Almeida, Gabriel Berg de; Ferreira, Claudia Pio; Souza, Lenice do Rosário de; Fortaleza, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Interrupted time series analyses were conducted to measure the impact of social distancing policies (instituted on March 22, 2020) and of subsequent mandatory masking in the community (instituted on May 4, 2020) on the incidence and effective reproductive number of COVID-19 in São Paulo State, Brazil. Overall, the impact of social distancing both on incidence and Rt was greater than the incremental effect of mandatory masking. Those findings may reflect either a small impact of face masking or the loosening of social distancing after mandatory use of masks.
  • Neurodevelopment in the third year of life in children with antenatal ZIKV-exposure Brief Communications

    Aizawa, Carolina Yuri Panvequio; Caron, Deyse Mayara Rodrigues; Souza, Carolina Barbosa de; Kozima, Paula Fernanda Augusto; Damasceno, Luana; Einspieler, Christa; Marschik, Peter B.; Brasil, Patrícia; Schmitt, Ana Carolina Basso; Nielsen-Saines, Karin; Hasue, Renata Hydee

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT We report cognitive, language and motor neurodevelopment, assessed by the Bayley-III test, in 31 non-microcephalic children at age 3 with PCR-confirmed maternal Zika virus exposure (Rio de Janeiro, 2015–2016). Most children had average neurodevelopmental scores, however, 8 children (26%) presented delay in some domain. Language was the most affected: 7 children (22.6%) had a delay in this domain (2 presenting severe delay). Moderate delay was detected in the cognitive (3.2%) and motor (10%) domains. Maternal illness in the third trimester of pregnancy and later gestational age at birth were associated with higher Bayley-III scores. Zika-exposed children require long-term follow-up until school age.
  • Body weight changes in the NutriNet Brasil cohort during the covid-19 pandemic Brief Communications

    Costa, Caroline dos Santos; Steele, Eurídice Martínez; Leite, Maria Alvim; Rauber, Fernanda; Levy, Renata Bertazzi; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    RESUMO Este estudo descreve modificações no peso corporal de participantes da coorte NutriNet Brasil (n = 14.259) ocorridas durante a pandemia de covid-19. Foram analisados dados informados em período anterior ao início da pandemia (26/01/2020 a 18/03/2020) e cerca de 6 meses após (14/09/2020 a 19/10/2020). O ganho de peso ≥ 2 kg alcançou 19,7% dos participantes, mostrando-se diretamente associado ao sexo masculino, à menor escolaridade e à presença prévia de excesso de peso, sendo inversamente associado à idade. A perda de peso ≥ 2kg alcançou 15,2% dos participantes, mostrando-se diretamente associada ao sexo masculino e à presença prévia de excesso de peso, sendo inversamente associada à idade.

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT This study describes body weight changes among participants of the NutriNet Brasil cohort (n = 14,259) during the covid-19 pandemic. We analyzed data reported before the pandemic onset (01/26/2020 to 03/18/2020) and about six months after (09/14/2020 to 10/19/2020). Our results show that 19.7% of the participants gained ≥ 2 kg. Weight gain was directly associated with male gender, lower education, and previous presence of overweight, and inversely associated with age. In turn, 15.2% lost ≥ 2kg, being directly associated with male gender and previous presence of overweight and inversely associated with age.
Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo São Paulo - SP - Brazil