The Epidemiologic Transition

A Theory of the Epidemiology of Population Change

Abdel R. Omram

Extrated from

The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly
1971, 49(4): 509-538




1 Mayer, K., Developments in the Study of Population, Social Research, 29, 292-320, Autumn, 1962.

2 See, for example, Van Nort, L. and Karon, B. P., Demographic Transition Re-examined, American Sociological Review, 20, 523-527, October, 1955; or Micklin, M., Urban Life and Differential Fertility: A Specification of the Theory of the Demographic Transition, presented at the annual meetings of the Population Association of America, Boston, April, 1968.

3 United Nations Department of Social Affairs, Population Branch, Age and Sex Patterns of Mortality: Model Life Tables for Under-Developed Countries, Population Studies, No. 22, New York, United Nations, 1955.

4 Angel and Pearson, cited in Woytinsky, W. S. and Woytinsky, E. S., World Population and Production: Trends and Outllook, New York, Twentieth Century Fund, 1953.

5 Russell, J. C., Late Ancient and Medieval Population, Transaction of the America Philosophical Society, 48, June, 1958, part 3.

6 Landis, P. H. and Hatt, P. K., Population Problems: A Cultural Interpretation, New York, American Book Company, 1954.

7 Utterstrom, G., Two Essays on Population in Eighteenth Century Scandinavia, in Glass, D. V. and Eversley, D. E. C. (Editors), Populations in History, Chicago, Aldine Publishing Company, 1965, pp. 523-548.

8 Eversley, D. E. C., A Survey of Population in an Area of Worcestershire from 1660 to 1850 on the Basis of Parish Registers, Population Studies, 10, 253-279, 1957.

9 Chambers, J. D., Three Essays on the Population and Economy of the Midlands, in Glass and Eversley, op. cit., pp.308-353.

10 Vielrose, Egon, Elements of the Natural Movement of Populations, Oxford, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1965.

11 Deprez, P., The Demographic Development of Flandres in the Eighteenth Century, in Glass and Eversley, op. cit., pp. 608-630.

12 Drake, M., Population and Society in Norway, 1735-1865, Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press, 1969.

13 Reinhard, M., Armengaud, A. and Dupaquier, J., Histoire Generale de la Population Mondiale, Paris, Editions Montchrestien, 1968.

14 Graunt, J., Natural and Political Observations Made Upon the Bills of Mortality, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1939; this book was originally published in London in 1662.

15 Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 6, New York, United Nations, 1962, pp. 110-112.

16 McKeown, T. and Brown, R. G., Medical Evidence Related to English Population Change in the Eighteenth Century, Population Studies, 9, 119-141, 1955.

17 El-Baldry, M. A., Higher Female than Male Mortality in Some Countries of South Asia: a Digest, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 64, 1234-1244, December, 1969.

18 Ridley, J. C., et al., The Effects of Changing Mortality on Natality: Some Estimates from a Simulation Model, Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 45, 77-97, January, 1967.

19 Heer, D. M., Births Necessary to Assure Desired Survivorship of Sons Under Differing Mortality Conditions, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New York City, April, 1966.

20 Hassan, S., Influence of Child Mortality on Population Growth, Ann Arbor, Michigan, University Microfilms, 1966.

21 Sauvy, A., General Theory of Population, New York, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, 1969.

22 Rostow, W. W., Stages of Economic Growth: an Anti-Communist Manifesto, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1960.

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