• World scientific production analysis in forced sterilization of women with disabilities between 1997-2016 Revisión

    Concha, Andrea Yupanqui; Ferrer Pérez, Victoria A.

    Abstract in Spanish:

    RESUMEN Objetivo Caracterizar la literatura publicada durante dos décadas (1997-2016) en todo el mundo, en inglés y español, sobre esterilización forzada de mujeres con discapacidad. Método Se realizó un estudio bibliométrico descriptivo, longitudinal-retrospectivo. Se estudiaron los indicadores de productividad, colaboración y materias. Se empleó la herramienta de evaluación CASP (Critical Appraisal Skills Programme) como marco basado en la evidencia para la revisión de artículos originales y revisiones de la literatura. Resultados Se recopilaron 139 documentos, en los cuales participaron 114 instituciones de 24 países. Los resultados muestran que la mayor productividad se concentra entre 2007 y 2016, existe un predominio de autoría femenina, de difusión en formato revisión de literatura, en idioma inglés y que proviene mayoritariamente de las universidades y del activismo de mujeres con discapacidad. Conclusiones Se concluye que este tema ha sido insuficientemente estudiado en ambos idiomas; no obstante, se observa una tendencia al crecimiento. En sus contenidos se impone la denuncia de esta práctica como vulneración de derechos humanos, con mayor énfasis tras la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad. La violencia contra las mujeres con discapacidad es un problema de salud mundial, y esta ha sido una de sus manifestaciones con menor visibilidad en la literatura. Que los gobiernos, profesionales de salud y comunidades tengan acceso a este conocimiento aumenta su concienciación y las probabilidades de erradicar toda forma de violencia.

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Objective To explore world scientific production in forced sterilization of women with disabilities between 1997 and 2016, written in English and Spanish. Method We carried out a descriptive, retrospective longitudinal study. The bibliometrics indicators of productivity, collaboration and subject-matter were studied. Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) was used as an evidence-based framework to evaluate original articles and literature reviews. Results A total of 139 documents were studied, in which 114 institutions from 24 countries participated. The results show that the greatest productivity was between 2007 and 2016, with predominance of studies written by female authors, based on literature review methodology, written in the English language. The majority of the authors were affiliated with a university and from activism of women with disabilities rather than any other organization. Conclusions It is concluded that while insufficiently explored in either language, there is a growing interest in this issue. There is a prominent focus in the literature on denunciation of this practice as a violation of human rights, with greater emphasis after The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Violence against women with disabilities is a global health problem; one of its manifestations has been the practice of forced sterilization, which has received relatively little attention in the literature. Governments, health professionals and communities must have access to this knowledge, awareness and the likelihood of eradicating all forms of violence must be increased.
Ediciones Doyma, S.L. Barcelona - Barcelona - Spain
E-mail: gs@elsevier.com